Algae Biomass for a Sustainable and Circular Economy

The European Commission’s Joint Research Centre is analyzing data on algae production and industry in Europe. This information will support sustainable production and use of algae for food and feed, cosmetics, fertilizers, and fuels, creating new markets and jobs.

Their analysis covers single-celled microalgae cultivated in open ponds or in closed systems, and macroalgae harvested from wild stocks or cultivated in aquaculture systems.

Algae represent a largely untapped resource among the biomass producing sectors of the EU bioeconomy. Algae biomass production in the EU contributed only 0.28% (93 thousand tons wet weight) to global production in 2016. 98% of macroalgae biomass was harvested from wild stocks, but aquaculture systems are becoming more common.

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